A number of individuals play important roles in the Ayyash et al. case and are necessary for the trial to function.
The Prosecution and Defence are the parties to the case. The Prosecutor is responsible for conducting the investigations, issuing an indictment for confirmation by the Pre-Trial Judge, and presenting Prosecution evidence in court against the Accused. Four Defence teams (one for each Accused) defend the rights and interests of the Accused. The Defence teams are supported by a Defence Office, which has a status equal to the Office of the Prosecutor and is mandated to protect the rights of the defence at all stages of the proceedings.
Participating Victims are represented through the Legal Representative of Victims (LRV). Participating Victims have the right to present their views and concerns during the proceedings through the LRV.
Witnesses provide evidence and testimony about facts or issues in their area of expertise related to the case. They are called and examined by one party (either the Prosecution or Defence), and then can be cross-examined by the other party. They may also be questioned by the Judges or the Legal Representative of Victims. Witnesses face the Judges throughout their testimony. Because of the sensitivity of this case, a number of witnesses in Ayyash et al. have been granted protective measures.
The Judges of the Trial Chamber hear the evidence and testimony and issue a judgment based on their assessment of the evidence presented and the applicable law. The Trial Chamber in Ayyash et al. consists of three judges (one of whom is Lebanese) and two alternates (one of whom is also Lebanese) who could serve as replacements if necessary. The Presiding Judge is responsible for managing the proceedings.
Judges are assisted by staff from the Trial Chamber, who help with research, evidence analysis, and drafting. Chambers Staff sit in front of the bench in the courtroom.
The Registry is responsible for providing the necessary technical and administrative support for the proceedings. The Registrar is responsible for administrative and operational functions for the Tribunal as a whole. The Court Officer, a member of the Registrar’s staff, calls the hearing to order. The Deputy Registrar manages the Judicial Division, which provides translation and interpretation, court records and evidence management, audio-visual and technical support and more.
The Stenotypist is responsible for creating accurate verbatim English-language transcripts of the proceedings.